3 Definitions

Terms, definitions and books related to audits and occupational health and safety


The beginning of wisdom is calling things by their proper names. Chinese proverb

Some terms and definitions currently used in this module:


Acceptable riskrisk reduced to a tolerable level 
Accidentundesired event causing death or health and  environment damages
Audit clienteveryone requesting an audit 
Audit conclusionsoutcome of an audit 
Audit criteria: everything against which audit evidence is compared
Audit findings: every deviation from audit criteria
Auditee: everyone who is audited
Auditor: everyone who is trained to carry out audits
Competence: personal skills, knowledge and experiences
Corrective action: action to eliminate the causes of nonconformity or any other undesirable event and to prevent their recurrence
Customer: anyone who receives a product
Environment: space in which any organization functions
Hazard: situation that could lead to an incident
Incident: undesired event that could lead to health damages
Interested party: person, group or company affected by the impacts from an organization
Nonconformity: non-fulfillment of a specified requirement
Occupational health and safety (OH&S): everything that can influence the wellbeing of the personnel in a company
OH&SMS: Occupational Health and Safety Management System
Organization: a structure that satisfies a need
Product (or service): every result of a process or activity
Risk: probability of occurrence of a potential hazard
Safety: aptitude to avoid an undesired event
Stakeholder: person, group or company that can affect or be affected by an organization
Supplier: an entity that provides a product


Examples of stakeholders: investors, customers, suppliers, employees and social, public or political organizations


In the terminology of occupational health and safety management systems, do not confuse the following:


Remark 1: each time you use the term "improvement opportunity" instead of nonconformity, malfunction or failure, the auditee will gain a little more confidence in you.


Remark 2: the use of ISO 19011, ISO 45001 and ISO 9000 definitions is recommended. The most important thing is to determine a common and unequivocal vocabulary for everyone in the company.


For other definitions, comments, explanations and interpretations that you don’t find in this module and annex 06, you can consult:


Books for further reading on internal audits:

smileyMinute of relaxation. Paganini's violin concert performed with facial expressions.


When I think of all the books still left for me to read, I am certain of further happiness. Jules Renard

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