3 Definitions

Terms, definitions and books related to audits and occupational health and safety

 3

The beginning of wisdom is calling things by their proper names. Chinese proverb


Some terms and definitions currently used in this module:

 

Acceptable riskrisk reduced to a tolerable level 
Accidentundesired event causing death or health and  environment damages
Audit clienteveryone requesting an audit 
Audit conclusionsoutcome of an audit 
Audit criteria: everything against which audit evidence is compared
Audit findings: every deviation from audit criteria
Auditee: everyone who is audited
Auditor: everyone who is trained to carry out audits
Competence: personal skills, knowledge and experiences
Corrective action: action to eliminate the causes of nonconformity or any other undesirable event and to prevent their recurrence
Customer: anyone who receives a product
Environment: space in which any organization functions
Hazard: situation that could lead to an incident
Incident: undesired event that could lead to health damages
Interested party: person, group or company affected by the impacts from an organization
Nonconformity: non-fulfillment of a specified requirement
Occupational health and safety (OH&S): everything that can influence the wellbeing of the personnel in a company
OH&SMS: Occupational Health and Safety Management System
Organization: a structure that satisfies a need
Product (or service): every result of a process or activity
Risk: probability of occurrence of a potential hazard
Safety: aptitude to avoid an undesired event
Stakeholder: person, group or company that can affect or be affected by an organization
Supplier: an entity that provides a product

 

Examples of stakeholders: investors, customers, suppliers, employees and social, public or political organizations

 

In the terminology of occupational health and safety management systems, do not confuse the following:

 

Remark 1: each time you use the term "improvement opportunity" instead of nonconformity, malfunction or failure, the auditee will gain a little more confidence in you.

 

Remark 2: the use of ISO 19011, ISO 45001 and ISO 9000 definitions is recommended. The most important thing is to determine a common and unequivocal vocabulary for everyone in the company.

 

For other definitions, comments, explanations and interpretations that you don’t find in this module and annex 06, you can consult:

 

Books for further reading on internal audits:

smileyMinute of relaxation. Paganini's violin concert performed with facial expressions.

 

When I think of all the books still left for me to read, I am certain of further happiness. Jules Renard

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